Assassination Still a Tool for Power Play

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John F Kennedy Assassinated

Assassination is the extreme form of censorship – George Bernard Shaw

Recently, North Korea accused the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) and the South Korea’s Intelligence of conspiring to assassinate its country leader Kim Jong Un with a biochemical weapon.

In a statement released by the powerful ministry of state security in North Korea, indicated that, “The Central Intelligence Agency of the U.S. and the Intelligence Service (IS) of South Korea, both hotbed of evils in the world, hatched a vicious plot to hurt the supreme leadership of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK)…” the North’s KCNA news agency quoted the statement.

If the statement by the North Korea’s Ministry of State Security is to go by, then why are the CIA and the South Korea’s intelligence plotting to assassinate North Korea’s leader? Is it because of Kim Jong Un aggressive and abrasive quest of marshaling more nuclear weapons? Or is Kim Jong Un paying the price of assassinating his half- brother Kim Jong Nam as it is alleged? Kim Jong Nam was attacked by two women, believed to be North Korean agents, at Kuala Lumpur Airport as he was checking in for a flight to Macau. One grabbed him while the other covered his face with some kind of liquid. He died on the way to the hospital on February 13, 2017.

Assassination tactics which date back to the Ancient History and post-modern history have always been a tool used in power struggles between rulers who plotted to silence each other due to religious idealism, retaliation or resentful motives. The end result always leads to death.

Therefore, if the attempted assassination claims by the North Korean’s are true, then Kim Jong Un needs to be very afraid. This is because we have seen cases of prominent leaders in the past who have been silenced by the assassin bullet or other bizarre means that have left some of their deaths until to date unresolved.

For instance, John Fitzgerald “Jack” Kennedy who was the 35th President of the United States, was assassinated on November 22, 1963, by an assassin’s bullet as his motorcade drove through Dallas, Texas.

Benazir Bhutto the once famous Pakistani woman socialist-democratic politician and a former Prime Minister of Pakistan was assassinated on 27 December 2007. Bhutto was killed while leaving a campaign rally for the Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) at Liaquat National Bagh in the city of Rawalpindi, where she addressed a rally of PPP supporters for the run-up to the parliamentary elections in 2008.

After entering her bulletproof vehicle, Bhutto stood up through its sunroof to wave to the crowds. At this point, a gunman fired shots at her and subsequently, explosives were detonated near the vehicle killing approximately 20 people. Bhutto was critically wounded and was rushed to Rawalpindi General Hospital but she was declared dead at 18:16 local time.

In India, Former Prime Minister Indira Priyadarshini Gandhi was assassinated at 9:20 AM on October 31, 1984, at Prime Minister’s Residence – No. 1, Safdarjung Road in New Delhi. She was murdered by two of her Sikh bodyguards, Satwant Singh and Beant Singh.

Another notable leader who was silenced by the assassin’s bullet was Martin Luther King, Jr, a vocal American Clergyman, a prominent leader and a civil rights activist.

Other than the use of a bullet to assassinate some of the leaders, there have been other means to execute the same act leaving but which leaves the death undetected or mysterious to solve. For instance, de-classified CIA documents in the public domain revealed that during the time of Soviet Union, the Komitet gosudarstvennoy bezopasnosti (KGB) had a department that was called the “Directorate of Special Tasks” and used “executive actions” or “liquid affairs” (targeted assassinations) to eliminate threats to the Soviet state.

Business Insider reported that the directorate had two special labs that most officers didn’t know about – one for creating unique weapons and explosives, the other for developing new poisons and drugs. Poisons were a favorite for carrying out assassinations because they attracted less attention and were often confused for natural deaths.

For instance, Lev Rebet was a Ukrainian nationalist writer, Nazi death camp survivor, and staunch anti-Communist. He was also the leader of the Ukrainian government for a time. In 1957, Rebet died suddenly of “natural causes” while on a trip to Munich.

In 1961, a KGB agent named Bohdan Stashynsky defected to the West and revealed Rebet’s death was an assassination. The weapon he used was a gun that sprayed a cloud of cyanide gas. Stashynsky also killed Rebet’s party boss, Stepan Bandera, with the gas weapon.

Also, in 1978 communist defector from Bulgaria Georgi Markov was at a London Bus stop when a man next to him dropped his umbrella, hitting Markov in the leg. It hurt, but Markov barely noticed. The man apologized and they both went on their way. Markov died four days later.

His autopsy revealed a pellet in his leg like the size of a pinhead, containing the poison ricin, a deadly poison used in chemical warfare.

In Kenya, on June 10, 2013, George Saitoti, former Vice-President and Internal Security Minister amongst others died in a plane crash. The pathologist who examined the bodies of the former Internal Security minister George Saitoti and his deputy Orwa Ojode a day after the crash said the deaths may have occurred before the aircraft came down.

Dr. Dorothy Njeru before the Justice Kalpana Rawal commission investigating the accident, said that the autopsies on the six victims of the June 10 Helicopter crash, revealed “cherry pink” patches on the bodies, indicating that high levels of carbon monoxide were inhaled and the crash may not have been “a normal aviation accident.”

Recently, another Kenyan Cabinet Secretary in charge of Internal Security died in mysterious circumstances. On July 8, 2017, Major- General Joseph Kasaine Ole Nkaissery died a day after he attended a prayer rally at Uhuru Park, Nairobi and Thirty days before the country goes for the general election. Chants of assassination filled the online platforms. However, a six-hour post-mortem conducted by a team of pathologists led by Kenya’s chief government pathologist Johansen Oduor concluded that Major-General Nkaissery suffered a massive heart attack in his house that killed him instantly. True or not, the death of Major-General Nkaissery will remain a mystery.

However, one man will be remembered for dodging all assignation attempts against him. Fidel Castro, former Cuban President before he died on November 25, 2016, having attained the age of 90 years, had previously survived no fewer than 634 attempts on his life, according to his former secret service chief.

Some of the ploys used in the failed assassination attempts on Fidel Castro’s life were; get Castro to smoke a cigar packed with explosives, wear a fungus-infected scuba-diving suit, and mafia-style shooting and bizarre plans to undercut his prestige by making his beard fall out. In total as per Cuba intelligence, an estimated 638 assassination attempts were made towards Castro.

Once Castro commented that if evading assassinations attempts were part of the Olympic Games, then he would have won several gold medals. But then, how many notable leaders whose fate has been pegged on the Assassin antics will survive the ploy, and if by any chance they succumb to it, will their cause of death been known?

Dennis Munene is a Researcher on Governance and Security at Africa Policy Institute

munenemwaniki@gmail.com

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Different faces of a terrorist

Al-Quds Brigade On Military Exercise

Al-Qaeda Militants

Can a terrorist be defined by gender, ideological beliefs, class, age, Religious affiliation, dressing, the technique in which they use to commit the act of terror or is it from a persona perspective or an organization/grouping/region perspective? Hard as it may sound, conceptualization of the term terrorist is of necessity lest we brand groups or individuals as terrorist yet they are not, or miss to label one as we intensify the fight against terror.
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Just a Thought but is it true?

Today I had a thought. Kenya police should investigate and arrest all corruption politicians and leaders and take them to court immediately. They will be sentenced and sent to jail.

LOL! I am only dreaming abi? Because, this my proposal assumes that the police are not corrupt and that the judges are not corrupt! Only if this were true would they be in a position to implement my plan!

But you know what will happen? A corrupt policeman will arrest a corrupt politician. The policeman will either be bribed so that the arrest doesn’t take place or be bribed to tamper with the investigation. In this case the politician will be presented before a judge who will either be bribed so as to rule in his favour or not find proper evidence to prosecute the said politician(tampering by police during investigation). The corrupt politician will be freed and return to his people. Well, his people because he ‘bought’ them. Meaning he bribed them and they voted for him! Thus making the general population corrupt as well!

You know what? My plan to fight corruption is useless! Kenyans love corruption and being corrupt! Only when it is not benefiting us do we hate it. And that’s not hating corruption, it is hating the fact that we did not benefit from corruption! Envy. Not hatred.

Thoughts by,

Moses Muya

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Kenyans Needs an Anti-corruption High Priest

Raila and Ruto

“You know you are in trouble when a fellow thief accuses you of stealing!” these are words from an article by Michela Wrong titled “Everyone is corrupt in Kenya, even grandmothers” published by Foreign Policy magazine (May 6, 2014). A strong accusation from the writer! But was she saying the truth? Has Kenya lost its moral ground on corruption and is there a Kenyan who can stand and be counted as not being corrupt? Is there anyone who doesn’t have a corruption plank in his eye who is worthy of removing a speck in the eye of his/her brother in Kenya?

As we continue to ponder on these questions, a few days ago we got to experience a drama casting the former Prime Minister Raila Odinga and the Deputy President. One calls the other the “high- priest of corruption” and the other through his close proxies calls the other “the lord of poverty”. Factions of supporters from the two camps immediately emerged threatening to release dossiers implicating either the former Prime Minister or Deputy President. As the two “drama queens” continue to issue threats and accusations on each other, I remembered of a story I was told of a village elder, his wife and a white missionary. The village elder’s wife got pregnant and when she gave birth the baby was “colored” meaning that the village elder was definitely not the father.

In shock and in disbelief the village elder summoned the missionary and asked him why he did such a treacherous act. The missionary denied the allegations despite the evidence and gave the following explanation, “You know God is full of surprises, He created heaven and earth, day and night, sun and moon and also if you look close at the white sheep that you own, one of its lamb is black”.. The village elder immediately interjected the missionary and whispered to him, “How did you know I am the reason behind the white sheep giving birth to the black lamb?” Both were guilty of devious acts thus forcing the village elder to accept the “colored” child only if the missionary won’t disclose the issue of the black lamb.

The moral of the story is that the alleged “lord of poverty” and “high priest of corruption” are not clean, including their so called cronies. They both represent the “black” opposition and the “colored” government. This shows that corruption is an enigma and by all means it needs to be declared as a national disaster. The reason why corruption cases such as Golden-berg, Anglo-leasing, maize scandal, Kazi kwa vijana scandal, Grand Regency saga, Triton Scandal, and many others have not yet been solved is that they all involve high ranking individuals from both the political and elite class within “colored” government and “black” opposition. Other than the high ranking corruption cases, we have the normal day to day corruption that most of us Kenyans are good at which is bribing. Sadly, the law enforcement agencies such as the police and the courts are the ones leading in this vice.

Currently, 4 of President Uhuru’s Cabinet Secretaries plus other high ranking officials within the government and parastatals are on suspension due to corruption allegation scandals. Unfortunately none of them will get prosecuted as some of these cases will lead to acquittal due to insufficient evidence. This is primarily caused by tampering of evidence by individuals from the law enforcement agencies who have been bribed. The cases of bribery and many other corrupt vices as per the corruption perceptions index 2013 published by Transparency International where scores were rated from 0(highly corrupt) to 100(very clean) resulted to Kenya scoring 27.

The score shows that Kenya is doing badly in fighting corruption. We look as if we are fighting corruption but in the real sense we are not. The so called whistle blowers within the political sphere and private sector are only doing that because they have been short changed in one of the deals and all they do now is cry foul. As a country we are trapped by the biggest cartels of corruption who happens to be our politicians. They have made us look bad and they have tainted the image of our grandmothers.

But we can change the narrative and save the image of our grandmothers. We can remove the plank of corruption within our systems by individually refusing to be corrupt, uphold the constitution and all our politicians need Jesus. Also amongst us there is a need of a new breed of anti-corruption high priests who are ready and willing to sacrifice for the sake of the nation. Is there someone listening?

Article by,

Dennis Mwaniki

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POTUS message to President Museveni

Obama-Museveni.gif

Last week president Uhuru Kenyatta made a state visit to our neighboring country Uganda. He made history by being the first African sitting president to address the Ugandan parliament. The visit was well choreographed after President Barrack Obama’s visit to Kenya. The script that is been played by the government is that President Uhuru’s visit to Uganda was primarily focused on the regional security, integration, deepening of bilateral trade, opening the markets between Kenya and Uganda by ensuring free movement of people, goods, labor and services and also elimination of trade barriers.

The two leaders (president Uhuru and Museveni) also agreed on developing oil infrastructure which includes the crude oil export pipeline which will take the northern route from Hoima to Lokichar in Turkana County and onwards to Lamu. The second pipeline will be that of refined products pipeline from Mombasa via Eldoret to Kampala. The oil infrastructure will be a reverse-flow petroleum product pipeline capable of transporting imported petroleum products to Uganda and also from the refinery in Uganda to Kenya.

So far the script of President Uhuru’s visit to Uganda seemed very legit. Covert diplomacy was well executed and no one seemed to get the real message and purpose of Uhuru’s visit. For the script/ covert diplomacy to be even real and sweet and avoid any suspicion, the government decided to throw in the sugar controversy/saga as a smoke screen. This sugar controversy was a free gift to the opposition and media from the government to keep them busy for some time so as to avoid them from speculating the real agenda which was clearly hidden in Uhuru’s speech to the Ugandan parliament.

The opposition with their lack of wisdom which happens to be their norm nowadays decided to politicize the whole sugar deal even after being told numerous times that there was no agreement signed between Kenya and Uganda. Meaning that the deal was based on a gentleman agreement terms. Any way let us not get carried away by the smoke screen deception but let’s focus on the real agenda.

The United States government has always carried themselves as the defacto inspector general on issues related to governance, rule of law and democracy across the globe. They have the power to set and direct policies governing any country without that country’s knowledge. They use the carrot and stick diplomacy. Where the carrot is in form of aid/Grants that they give and stick is in the form of ultimatums/conditions set before getting the aid/grants. During Moi’s era it was in form of retrenching civil servants. To other countries it comes in form of forcing change of governments and regimes like in the case of Libya.

Thus Uhuru’s visit to Uganda was based on a condition given before the Americans can open their goody bag and it was simply to deliver a message from Obama to President Museveni. The message was well coined and it had to be given in public and not in the confines of statehouse or a private phone call. The message was to be delivered in parliament in the presence of President Museveni. The message was, i) Museveni’s era/regime needs to come to an end and he needs to allow young generation to come in power, invest in them and not intimidate them, ii) He needs to allow full democracy in Uganda and that means allowing the opposition to have basic freedom to articulate their grievance and also play their role as watchdogs. iii) He needs to allow the will of the Uganda people to prevail and not allow rigging of elections or any other form of manipulation of the electoral systems.

This was the message that needed to be passed to Museveni and to some it may seem as a breach of Uganda’s sovereignty hence the use of covert diplomacy and smoke screens such as the sugar deal. The agreements and talks during Uhuru’s visit were just mere deception to protect the relationship between Uganda and Kenya. The question that we all need to ask, will Museveni adhere to the message given by “big brother” or will he play tough? Anything else emerging from Uhuru’s visit to Uganda is just but a mere deception.

Article by,

Dennis Mwaniki

Political Scientist

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Why CORD Coalition won’t win 2017 presidency

CORD

As one of the CORD coalition leaders may suggest that my name betrays me for making such remarks, I wish to say categorically that I don’t represent any form of coalition. Having cleared the air on this, the fact still remains I hail from the GEMA community. Another fact is I am a Kenyan who was once a great supporter and admirer of the Orange democratic movement. I had once opted to get a tattoo with the initials “ODM-Baba Tosha” but my inner sense convinced me not to, because political parties in Kenya are like outfits, they only suits a particular moment or season and once their seasons are over the political outfits are changed.

Anyway back to my allegation of why CORD coalition won’t win 2017 election forced me to go on a fact finding mission that came up with the following five fold common mistake the CORD coalition (precisely ODM Party) keeps making that will cost them again the 2017 presidency.

First, CORD as a coalition is made up of one person. It is like a privately owned company. All decisions are made by one person and anyone who differs with him gets fired. Raila owns CORD Coalition full stop. Kalonzo and Wetangula are just props or accessories. They make the Coalition looks as if it’s not an ODM affair. Other than that they add no value and whether they leave or stay, they will be replaced by another power- hungry red eyed politician from their community. Hence the problem of having one person calling the shots despite all the structures being in place indicates signs of dictatorship, lack of democratic principles and lack of growth within the party.

Secondly, CORD coalition keeps applying the wrong political strategy. They focus more on tainting the image of the ruling government or their opponents without providing a better solution to problems affecting the people. For example in the last general elections they maximized on tarnishing the image of both President Uhuru and his deputy William Ruto as criminals. They forgot that this narrative was the selling point of the Jubilee government which resulted to them winning from all the sympathy votes. Currently they are focusing on the corruption scandals rocking the Jubilee government yet they forget the president made the first move purporting to fight corruption that gave him a standing ovation from all the parties in the National Assembly including members of the CORD Coalition. Also corruption is not news to Kenyans; sadly it’s the order of the day.

Thirdly, power struggle will be the down fall of the CORD Coalition come 2017. The three principles are all political vultures. They are not a team and each of them is eyeing the presidency but to one of them, the presidency means more than even going to heaven. Meaning that there is no way Raila will be a running mate hence Kalonzo and wetangula need to shelve their ambition until 2022. Will they agree? Time will tell. Also within the coalition the so called “small” politicians are in constant in-house fights that not only bring divisiveness within the coalition parties but also demoralize active and hard working party members/ politicians.

Fourthly, CORD coalition lack proper and well trained political strategists/ advisors. What they have is a group of individuals who lack wisdom; fresh ideas and they have all fallen short of better and developed ideologies that will revive the Coalition. Sadly most of their strategists/ advisors are politicians or “wannabes” who lack the proper vision and strategies that will help them win the presidential race. Also Most of these “wannabes” are busy on press conferences attacking politicians yet their place is supposed to be at the background calculating and preparing ammunitions to counter the rival politicians.

Lastly, the CORD Coalition lacks young leaders who understand the current trend and can have a closer impact on the young generation than the older folks. I do believe they may try to argue saying that there are critical positions allocated to the young leaders within the coalition parties but the fact remains; are the young leaders inspired to take up these roles with pride and make decisions? Sadly not and the truth is any young leader who is aggressive is either fought within or silenced by old guards who are so rigid that letting go of power is a problem. This is why after the last general election there was a mass exodus of young leaders from the coalition who were short changed and some ended up getting a safe haven in Jubilee government hence creating a vacuum in the Cord coalition.

The sycophants will defiantly disagree with me but proverbs 12:15 says- “The ways of a fool seems right to him, but a wise man listens to advice”. If the coalition wants to win 2017 elections they need to a have an internal audit and make necessary changes.

Article by,
Dennis Mwaniki
Political scientist

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NAIROBI COUNTY-“WHICH OF THE LESSER EVIL WILL WE CHOOSE IN 2017?”

kidero

History has always been cruel to the United States for always not being wise in choosing which lesser evil to support when it comes to the International geo-politics. It is alleged that they are the ones who invented Osama Bin laden who ended up being their worst enemy. It is also said that Saddam Hussein one of the worst dictators rose into power through their assistance so as to curb the growth and influence of the Iraqi Communist Party which by the late 1950’s was on the verge of taking power. To them Saddam Hussein seemed a “lesser evil” at that time. These are some of the choices the United States government and its agencies played in picking the “lesser kind of evil” that they would wish to forget. Unfortunately, we are all in one point or the other faced with this kind of choice and whichever decision we make, we will either be affected positively or negatively.

In the next 2 years or so Kenyans are going to be faced with this kind of question during elections. We will be required to choose between a “lesser evil” of a leader and whether we like it or not we need to start preparing our minds to make that decision. For instance in Nairobi County we are currently faced by two kinds of “evils” and it is our duty to apply any kind of measures to quantify the “lesser evil” of the two. One of these “evils” is part of a team running the County government and the other is purporting to run a parallel government within the same County. Both of them are leaders whom we democratically elected.

When Governor Kidero ran for elections in 2013 some of us who thought or purported to be professionals in our different fields came out in large numbers to elect him. We were excited to have such a person with impressive curriculum vitae to run the Capital City and hopefully restore its name as city under the sun. We walked proudly knowing that Nairobi County will be a 24 hour economy, have tapped and clean running water in all households, modern recreational amenities such as parks, decent and affordable housing that will help curb the increase of informal settlements, a clean city with a proper and functioning drainage system, proper flow of traffic and hopefully a well secured city with CCTV cameras manning every street. Sadly all what we have experienced under kidero’s government is corruption within the county government, rise of cartels in the garbage collection sector and other service providers, slapping of fellow leaders, flooding of the city, traffic congestion and insecurity.

The current county government of Nairobi led by Governor Kidero has failed to deliver its mandate including the promises and benefits that some county governments are enjoying. If our votes were to be equated as shares by now all of us who voted for Kidero would be filing for bankruptcy having our shares trading at 0.00 Cent per share.

The other “evil” is Senator Mike “Sonko” who is running a shadow government in Nairobi County. To many he seems the “lesser evil” having established the Sonko Rescue Team which provides ambulance services, disaster management such as rescuing individuals when disasters such as floods and infernos occur, financial assistance, hearse services and also wedding limousines free of charge. As a result he has created jobs for many young individuals. He has become a darling to many especially to the low income earners and the youths. Sadly what scares most of us who are not yet romanticized by his actions is that none of us know the source of his wealth. Secondly, his “thuggish” leadership style of branding guns, pimped cars and weird dressing tends to degrade the office he wishes to occupy.

We are in a dilemma and even if other candidates will avail themselves we will still be forced to either follow the words of Mae West, “when choosing between two evils, always try the one you have never tried or Charles Spurgeon, “ of two evils, choose neither. Thus the question that begets is which “lesser evil” of a leader will we choose?

Article by,

Dennis Mwaniki

Political Scientist

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A RESOLUTION OF REPENTANCE FOR MY COUNTRY KENYA

It’s that time when everyone is having a mental reflection of what they desire to achieve this year. Some are constructing mental prisons to lock in bad memories they went through in 2014 while others are hoping that the good Lord who gave them success in 2014, will renew His contract with them this year and make them prosper even more. Companies are now dusting off the visions and goals that they had drafted for 2015 with the target of achieving enormous profits. Families are drafting a new family constitution to enhance peace and harmony amongst the members, while wives are anxiously awaiting for their first “Chama” meetings so as to draft their own security bills on how to tame their rogue husbands and avoid any attack from the so called family terrorist ( clandestine lady) that had invaded their territories in 2014.

One way or the other we are all anticipating for some change, something drastic. Theologians may call it the divine touch where within a flash of a moment the blind will see, the lame start to walk and all the demons are cast away. It’s a good feeling and I hope we all get to experience this in our lives and more so for our country. Truth be told, 2014 has been the hardest year in our country. We experienced terror attacks from within and without. We lost many souls and our soils are drenched with innocent blood. We stripped each other naked both in public and on social media. We ended up awakening the demons of the Kisumu massacre (1969), Chuka massacre (1953), Garissa massacre (1980), Lari Massacre (1953), Wagalla massacre (1984), Turbi massacre (2005), ethnic clashes and the 2007/2008 post election violence.

Things were thick and it’s because we allowed our leaders to play politics with our lives and our economy. We almost experienced a religious war between the Muslims and the Christians as seen in Nigeria. we saw leaders standing before us spread negative ethnicity, dividing us between tribes and others without even a shame reprimanding God and telling Him if he chooses to take one of the leaders from their coalition party then He should also play politics and take another from the other coalition to make it even. We had totally lost it and all signs and symptoms indicated we were heading to the road of a failed state.

Fortunately, we are not yet a failed state and I know from the Presidency to the least one of us in this country, all desire for a better year despite it once again starting with deaths from falling of buildings and some under mysterious circumstances. So what may be the solution to all these sufferings or what should be our resolution as a country? In 2 chronicles 7:14 states “if my people, who are called by my name, will humble themselves and pray and seek my face and turn from their wicked ways, then will I hear from heaven and will forgive their sin and will heal their land.”

This is the only solution and resolution we need to implement as a country. We need to all repent for electing the wrong kind of leaders, for propagating hate speech in our social gatherings/ social media, for killing each other both physically and emotionally, for bribing, bad governance, for allowing fraud church leaders to mock God through their deeds and many more. Once we do this as a country, shall we be able to enjoy the fruits of love, Joy and peace in our beautiful country called Kenya. Also we will prosper socially, economically and politically. This is my resolution for this year for my county Kenya.
Article by,

Dennis Mwaniki
Political Scientist.

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Emotions; the predicament to our development

In the market place of politics when reason and emotions collide, emotions always take the day. This is because we are always inclined with what we feel more than the real and true facts about a certain situation. This is evidently seen during the time for elections where most electorates vote by how they feel towards a certain candidate, their political party and lastly their policies or political manifestos. The emotions are normally pegged on certain characteristics such as, the ethnicity of the candidates, their gender, issues that surround him personally and which the electorates relate to, his/her age group, race and to some the “swag” that he has.

When Barrack Obama was elected on November 4, 2008 and sworn in on January 20, 2009 many analysts said that he won based on the policies he articulated during his campaign but the major influence was based on how the Democratic Party campaign team was able to capture the emotions of most electorates especially the youth and the African-Americans. He related to them based on age and race. The other percentage of voters, voted for him based on his policies (reasons). Thus both the reason and emotion played a role in his election but emotion was the major factor for those who voted for and against him.

To bring the argument closer home, the Jubilee government was elected based on the emotions surrounding the ICC issue. Most people couldn’t stand the fact that a Kenyan will stand trial before an International Court. Emotions played a major factor and reason was nowhere to be seen despite the fact that thousands were displaced during the 2007/2008 post-election violence and thousands killed. This doesn’t mean those who have been charged before the International Criminal Court are guilty or not but only stresses the point that emotions drive our Kenyan politics. Also when a politician or a leader is charged for corruption he/she runs to his ethnic region and incites the people that it is not him/her being targeted but the community at large. The aftermath is demonstrations from the community through protesting and barricading roads.

90% of the elected leaders we voted for during the last election were purely not voted in because we believed in their policies and manifestos or their track records of good performance. We voted based on who we felt had warmed our hearts. This was based on the status we envisioned a leader to have, the depth of his pockets, the tribe he comes from, and lastly what traits he posses such as dressing and the language he uses that we tend to relate with. As a country we have made crucial decisions based on our emotions and most of these decisions have come back to haunt us. For example when we voted for the constitution majority never had the time to read it but voted for it based on what their favorite politician was advocating for. Today the same politicians who were for the constitution are now advocating for a referendum because the constitution is not benefiting them as they thought it could. Sadly we still let our emotions cloud our judgement and again we follow the same politicians without asking each other what are the real issues they are advocating for and if we support the call for a plebiscite what benefit are we going to enjoy as a common mwananchi?

Our politicians have mastered the art of manipulating our emotions to their own advantage and this is why when the Supreme Court made a verdict against the CORD Coalition, its leaders started organizing rallies to criticize and tarnish the image of the Supreme Court arousing rage within their members that caused tension within the country. Also we are currently witnessing a wave of violence from our County Governments such as Makueni, Nandi and elsewhere where leaders who we feel we are emotionally connected to, incite us to wage war amongst ourselves yet we ignore the fact that they are simply playing politics and using us to settle political scores. A time has come for us as Kenyans to activate our reasoning gear and deactivate part our emotions.

We need to hold our leaders personally accountable to what is happening within our Country. We need to stop supporting the “thug” kind of leaders we elected and we’ve got to stop letting them manipulate us to support them yet all they are after is to enrich themselves alone.

We need to always ask ourselves, what will I benefit if I support a certain cause being advocated for by our leaders? Why should we demonstrate and what benefit will it accord me as an individual? It is time, fellow countrymen, to let reason prevail in our politics. Let us support our leaders by the content of their past and present performances and let us not allow emotions to cloud our judgement from now hence forth if we still want to achieve vision 2030.

Article by

Dennis Mwaniki

A political Scientist

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Pesa Mashinani Quest Not Justified

GOVERNORS-SENATE
It’s slightly over 4 years since the promulgation of our current constitution. The Committee of Experts led by the then chairman Nzamba Gitonga and politicians led by former president Mwai Kibaki advocated for the passing of the current constitution. These group of individuals believed that the solution and answers to most of Kenya’s problems lies within the pages of our constitution and they promised if it passes Kenya will be a land flowing with “milk and honey.” As Kenyans we were subjected to a referendum on 4th of August 2010. The constitution sailed through with 67% approval rating. The 33% who were against it were criticized harshly. They were called anti-reformers and others were nick-named Pharaoh’s who still wanted us to remain in Egypt despite our effort to move to the promised land of a devolved system of government. For most of the electorate, the devolved system of government symbolized the biblical Promised Land.

Sadly the “milk and honey” that is flowing within our county governments only flows to the governors and those around him. We the electorates have not felt the impact and benefits of the county governments with the exception of the people of Machakos County. Thus this brings me to the question, is the referendum call by the governors justified? For most people whom I have asked this question they claim that it is justified. Their argument is that if we question and ask the governors whom we elected what they have done with the little allocation of funds given to them, then we as the electorates need to also pose the same question to the National Government and precisely the President whom we also elected to account for the tax payers money at the National level.

This argument is credible and we will get to the National Government, but before we start to eat this “bull” (National government) I suggest we start by first eating the “tail” which represents the County governments. The 67% of the electorate excluding myself who belonged to the 33% of those who were against the passing of the constitution because I strongly believed the Committee of Experts gave us a raw deal voted with the intention and expectation of bringing the power back to the grassroots. Meaning that they will be able to have a say on decision affecting the counties, they will be able to reduce the bureaucracy that used to be there before, also implement projects that they really think are more important to them. But has this been the case?

What most of these County Governments have done with the little allocation of funds led by the Governors is to build very expensive mansions for the Governors, buy limousines for them and their county executives, make unnecessary trips abroad, go for retreats with the Members of County Assemblies and to some extent use the same funds to bribe the MCA’s so as not to impeach most of the non-performing Governors. Thus the Governors advocating for Pesa – Mashinani remind me of the Gibeonites Deception (Joshua 9:1-26). The Gibeonites deceived the Israelites by saying they come from a far region and all they want is peace and to acknowledge the God of the Israelites. They did this by dressing in rugged clothes, torn sandals, use of old wine-skins and dry moldy bread. This deception was to avoid the Israelites from driving them away from their land. The Israelites made an oath not to drive them away without knowing that they have been deceived and that the Gibeonites actually lived nearby. When the Israelites noticed that they have been deceived they had no option but to let the Gibeonites continue to live on their land because they had already made an oath to them. As a result of this deception the Gibeonites were cursed and they ended up being woodcutters and water-carriers for the rest of their lives.

This is what we need to do to the governors. They have deceived us by claiming that the referendum is only to strengthen the role of Senate by creating a nexus between senate and county governments and assemblies, increase division of revenue to 45%, advocate for counties to have their own law gazettement framework, MCAs to have similar privileges as MP’s, formation of loans and grants council and form a successor to CIC as a gatekeeper of Laws – KLRC….., Unfortunately all what the governors want is to have more money to control because in Kenyan politics, the more funds you have at your disposal the more powerful you are. Thus the call for a referendum by the Governors is nothing but a deception that we as the electorate should not allow.
Article by
Dennis Mwaniki
Political Scientist

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